Volume 11, Issue 4 (2023)                   CLRJ 2023, 11(4): 61-91 | Back to browse issues page

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Hashemi Z, Chehreghani R. A comparative analysis of the characters of the novel "A Fraction of the Whole" by Steve Toltz and "Dead Poets Society" by N. H. Kleinbaum based on the theory of interactional behavior analysis. CLRJ 2023; 11 (4) :61-91
URL: http://clrj.modares.ac.ir/article-12-70857-en.html
1- Master's degree in Persian language and literature, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of the Department of Persian Language and Literature, Imam Khomeini International University , chehreghani@hum.ikiu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (277 Views)
Psychological analysis of character is one of the sub-branches of psychological criticism in which behavioral patterns of characters are explained by analyzing the content of the story. In the theory of mutual behavior analysis, Eric Berne divides human personalities into three behavioral patterns: parents (imitative and internal beliefs), children (excited behavior and uncensored instincts) and adults (processors and rationalists) and states that the dimensions The above exists in all humans. But one dimension is more dominant and evolved man should be able to use all three dimensions in their place. Because this leads to mutual understanding and improved relationships between people. In this research, referring to the interdisciplinary nature of psychological criticism of literary works, two novels are part of the whole work of Steve Toltz and Dead Poets Society by N.H. Kleinbaum has been compared and analyzed using Eric Burn's interactive behavior analysis theory with descriptive-analytical method. The research results show that the main characters of the mentioned novels change freely and at their own will by using the power of choice and give logical responses to new stimuli. In addition, although the main characters of the two selected novels were created in two different languages and two different cultural environments, and with a time gap of about 10 years, in two different countries, they follow a similar pattern perspective. Analysis of mutual behavior, such that the framework, structure, pillar and main message of both novels are based on the formation of mature thoughts.
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