Volume 8, Issue 4 (2021)                   CLRJ 2021, 8(4): 22-44 | Back to browse issues page

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afarin F. On the Place of Poetry in Baumgarten`s Aesthetics with comparision to Kant's View. CLRJ. 2021; 8 (4) :22-44
URL: http://clrj.modares.ac.ir/article-12-44763-en.html
assistan professor. Art studies department. Faculty of art, semnan university , f.afarin@semnan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (461 Views)
This article attempts to answer the following questions in a descriptive-analytical way: What is the reason for Baumgarten`s use of poetry to demonstrate the independence of aesthetics? What are Kantchr('39')s views on the place of poetry in aesthetics? and what are the differences between them on this issue? The purpose of this article is to clarify the superior art of one of the followers of the rationalist school by looking at Kantchr('39')s view. The results show that due to the beliefs of many aestheticians the words and the sounds are one of the most important aspects of the human soul`s motivating. In the Age of Enlightenment, Baumgarten continued by examining the influence of words and its effect on the emotions, passions by referring to the Christian belief, especially in one of the pietist`s campaigns the Protestantism. Kant separates poetry from rhetoric as a whole, he thought about his attitude, especially about the beauty associated with fine arts such as poetry, the relation between form and content of words, the rich content of words, and the grandeur of content and dignity similar to Baumgarten. The prominent difference is in the free play that Kant considers the poetry between sensibility and understanding and in the natural beauty with regard to form and the independent beauty in the fine arts. Free play has not come to Baumgarten`s ideas. Nor is there any trace of Baumgarten`s perfection in the beauty of the pure form or the free beauty in the Kantian approach to poetry.
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Article Type: Qualitative Research | Subject: A comparative study of literary texts with fine arts
Received: 2020/07/26 | Accepted: 2020/12/30 | Published: 2021/01/29

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