Volume 3, Issue 1 (2015)                   CLRJ 2015, 3(1): 79-100 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
2- M.A. in Comparative Literature, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (16382 Views)
Archetype is the common experience of mankind that has remained of distant past in collective unconscious. Because human experiences are abundant, we can not be identify the number of archetypes, but the most significant archetypes are: anima, animus, self, persona, shadow, wise old man and mother. Sacrifice is one of the major archetypes that have been institutionalized in the collective unconscious of most humans. In psychoanalyst viewpoint, sacrifice is one of the defensive mechanisms of humans against the demands of the id that leads to social interest. Archetypes are shown in dreams, imagination and illusions. Art (especially literature), is one of the main manifestations of archetypes. Sacrifice and its features can be found in the large number of artworks. In this paper, we investigated the archetype of the "Sacrifice" in Hallaj, in "Hallaj's poetry" of Mohammadreza Shafiei Kadkani, and "Hallaj's requiem" of Adonis, and presented a mythical criticism of them. 
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: -|Applied literature
Received: 2014/01/18 | Accepted: 2014/05/17 | Published: 2015/03/21