Volume 10, Issue 4 (2023)                   CLRJ 2023, 10(4): 54-78 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Farhangian University , ma.ziaei@cfu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (490 Views)
One of the most important terms in Jungian psychology is "collective unconscious". The contents of the collective unconscious form "archetypes", which Jung considers the psychological forms of the old, inherent and inherited remains of the human mind and outside the circle of events in people's lives. Traces of archetypes can be found in the world's valuable literary works, and the comparative study of works from this perspective is considered as one of the important studies of literary research. The aim of the present research is to investigate the archetypes in two important literary works, Dante's Divine Comedy and the story of Ibn Sina's Hayy bin Yaqzan, in order to find out the commonalities and differences of these two works in the archetypes section, and realize the possible reasons for that. The method used in this research was text analysis. The results show that the archetypes of "travel", "shadow", "sage" and "self" can be seen in both works, and the archetypes of "rebirth" and "passing the water" are the cases of differences.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Comparative research
Received: 2021/12/11 | Accepted: 2023/03/1 | Published: 2023/03/1

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