Volume 9, Issue 3 (2021)                   CLRJ 2021, 9(3): 167-194 | Back to browse issues page

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1- PhD student of Arabic language & literature' Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
2- Associate Professor of Arabic language & Literature' Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , heidaryan@um.ac.ir
3- Professor of Persin language & Literature' Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
4- Assistant Professor of Arabic language & Literature' Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Abstract:   (2327 Views)
Critical realism,as a branch of the literary school of realism,seeks to convey objective and accurate experiences of reality to the reader by looking at the social problems of man in the new age,and to criticize the prevailing situation in society with a reformist attitude. Samuel Shimon In his first novel,“An Iraqi in Paris”,was able to gain a special place in the field of fiction in Arabic literature;Reza Ghasemi is one of the most prominent novelists of Persian literature that wrote the novel“Nocturnal Harmony”.Both novels reflect the realities of their society and the phenomenon of migration.The purpose of this study is investigate the harmful challenges of the migration phenomenon.In this research,by examining the components of immigration literature from the perspective of critical realism based on description and analysis in the context of the American comparative school, two novels are examined.The results of the research show:Doubt in the basis of insider culture and cultural contradiction in the novel"Nocturnal Harmony"is more prominent than the novel"An Iraqi in Paris" but this is manifested in both novels in the form of alienation.In both novels, critically reviewing the past,while criticizing the political and social conditions prevailing in their society,the way of teaching some religious and cultural teachings has also been criticized.The challenges of immigration are manifested in both novels in the form of disappearance,identity crisis, homelessness and insecurity,but the author has a positive view of the future in the novel"An Iraqi in Paris",but in the novel" Nocturnal Harmony"the authorchr('39')s view is hopeless.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Comparative research
Received: 2021/07/16 | Accepted: 2021/08/22 | Published: 2021/11/1

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