Volume 9, Issue 3 (2021)                   CLRJ 2021, 9(3): 145-166 | Back to browse issues page

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azizi A, fakhr eslam B, zia khodadadiyan M, abasi F. A Comparative study Maslow's classification of needs from Attar's view based on Elahinameh and Manteq ul-tayr. CLRJ 2021; 9 (3) :145-166
URL: http://clrj.modares.ac.ir/article-12-50466-en.html
1- Department of Literature Khorasan Razavi, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Department of Literature Khorasan Razavi, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran. , bt_fam12688@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Department of Literature, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Department of Literature, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
Abstract:   (873 Views)
Attar has shown everyone the experience of love, self-discovery, self-knowledge and divine knowledge in his books. He knows the path to perfection by passing through asking stage, love, knowledge, independence, monotheism, astonishment, poverty, and mortality. He guarantees perfection and reaching the source of love for human beings by self-knowledge and showing the different dimensions of human. Maslow is trying to introduce self-actual human by defining levels for human needs. Attar tries to fill the cup of existence with pure wine and doesn't neglect his own society. According to the expression of human's demands for the language of birds in Manteq ul-tayr and princes in Elahinameh, the comparative-analytical investigation of Maslow's the need theory and two books of Elahinameh and Manteq ul-tayr will tell us more about Attar's science and personality. Attar, after his experiences and Achieving perfection, lead his community to grow in all dimensions, consciously. By studying successful people, Maslow is also looking for a quantitative concept for the perfect human. Attar's poems are his practical and theoretical diagram of growing needs.
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