Volume 8, Issue 1 (2020)                   CLRJ 2020, 8(1): 24-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohamadi O, Esmaeili M. The influence of Paul Éluard poem form on Shamloo Poetry. CLRJ. 2020; 8 (1) :24-45
URL: http://clrj.modares.ac.ir/article-12-32758-en.html
1- assistant professor in Gonbad Kavous University. , ovais.mohamadi@yahoo.com
2- assistant professor in Gonbad Kavous University.
Abstract:   (1860 Views)
Iranian familiarity with western poem dates back to the early 14th solar century. After September 1941, the translation of western works into Persian language became more and more popular due to prosperity in book and magazine market in Iran. Among the fields that were translated into Persian since then, was contemporary poem of French. Thus, many Iranian poets studied and translated French poem works. Ahmad Shamloo is one of the poets who read the poets of many French poets and translated some of them due to familiarity with French language and has been influenced by them. French poet, Paul Éluard, is one of those who has influenced Shamloo, the matter confessed by Shamloo. In the present paper, based on a comprative approach, it has been tried to analyze Shamloo’s impressionability from Éluard in the level of poem form and to decode its different types. The results obtained from this paper are as follows: Shamloo is influenced by Éluard at the level of vocabulary, syntax combinations, conjunctions, repetition, special use of adjective and adverb in the poem music, ellipsis and the style of the poem start. The impressionability is not in a way that we consider Shamloo as a mere imitator, but he has turned the structures of Eluard poem into Persian by his mastery, and has mixed with the ones of classic Persian texts and created his own special role.
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