Volume 7, Issue 3 (2019)                   CLRJ 2019, 7(3): 150-172 | Back to browse issues page

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Firouzi Moghaddam M, alavi moghaddam M, Jalali M, Delbri H. A Comparative study of the components and effects of existentialist fear and hope In the works of Mark Twain and Houshang Moradi Kermani. CLRJ. 2019; 7 (3) :150-172
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-12-22261-en.html
1- Ph.D. student of Persaian language and literature, Hakim Sabzevari University / Faculty member of Persian language and literature, Islamic Azad University of Torbat-e-Heydarieh branch
2- Associate Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Hakim Sabzevari University , m.alavi2007@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Shahid Beheshti University
4- Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Hakim Sabzevari University
Abstract:   (1148 Views)
In this study, with the aim of understanding the meaning and analysis of the literary text, it has been attempted, by relying on existentialism and in the context of the American school of comparative literature, the effects of fear and hope and some of its related components in the works of Houshang Moradi Kermani and Mark Twain. Existentialism encourages human action, because it says that hope should not be limited to action, and that it is possible for human being to live. Existentialism is a philosophical thought that has influenced literary criticism and has led to the emergence of numerous theories. What is Jean-Paul Sartre writing about literature? He writes of a prestigious commitment to literature, and Heidegger puts into practice a modern philosophical hermeneutics and publishes a traditional look. Thus, based on Cartesian and anti-Cartesian Heidegger's doctrine, Heidegger's two types of Hebrew literary Existentialism Sartorius is formed. This research, through an adaptive approach, has inspected the elements of fear and hope. The findings of this research show that although the researchers have compared the works of Moradi Kermani and Mark Twain more from the perspective of the school of Realism, one can find hope and hope based on pragmatism and existentialist attitudes in these works.
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Received: 2018/06/20

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